The Four Types of Evidence

four types of evidenceOne of the most important aspects of a legal case is the ability of either side to prove its points. The only way to really do this with the level of certainty required by the court is to provide evidence that supports the claims you are making.

Just about anything can be evidence as long as it follows certain rules of admissibility set out by federal or state law.

Evidence can fall into four categories. Real evidence is any physical object that is directly involved with the case, such as a murder weapon. Documentary evidence, which is a kind of real evidence, is a document that contains relevant information about the case, such as a business contract in a contract dispute. Demonstrative evidence is something created for the case to help better illustrate the facts to the jury, such as a chart that shows a person’s spending in a bankruptcy suit. Lastly, testimonial evidence is the words of someone who has some kind of special knowledge about the case, such as witnesses of a crime or experts in certain fields whose opinions can clear up misconceptions.

Using abundant evidence to support your case while hampering the opposing side’s is crucial to a successful lawsuit.

One Response to “The Four Types of Evidence”

  1. I thought evidence was evidence. Thanks for such an informational article.

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